Cat overpopulation can be reduced with your help!

Priority #1: Cat owners and caregivers ensure their cats are spay/neutered.

Next, consider alternatives to letting your cat roam freely unsupervised.

It is safer for your cat and for native wildlife.

If you feel your current cat isn’t a candidate for the indoor lifestyle, consider reducing their time outside, especially when birds are nesting and fledging.

Think about keeping your next cat indoors. Each step adds up and helps.


Successfully Bring Your Outdoor Cat Inside

We understand that people feel very strongly about letting their cats roam freely or keeping them indoors. The decision comes from a place of love and wanting what is best for the cat. Those who let their cats roam freely want to enrich their cats’ lives and allow them to just be cats. Those who keep them indoors are concerned about many perils including diseases, parasites, cars, poisoning, the Portland area’s healthy population of coyotes, and simply getting lost.

Lost cat signs are common sites throughout our city, and with each one comes a sense of loss that can be prevented. If this happened to you, you already may be thinking about keeping your next cat closer to home.

You may also have attended one of our Catio Tours, or been following recent reports detailing domestic cats' devastating impact on urban wildlife, and have been inspired to try giving your cat a new indoor lease on life.

If you have ever wondered how you might transition your cat to living indoors, here’s some inspiration and suggestions for making Kitty the happiest housecat on the block.

Many thanks to the Humane Society of the United States for several of these great ideas.


Create an Indoor Sanctuary

A luxurious indoor environment may be all your cat needs to become a convert. While you make the transition to indoor living, introduce items such as:

  • Cozy beds in sunny locations

  • Scratching posts

  • Something to climb that provides a view of the indoor and outdoor world from above

  • Areas for hiding, such as brown paper bags or cardboard boxes

  • New toys to make playtime exciting

  • Find more tips on our indoor enrichment idea page


Take your Time

You'll have the most success if you gradually transition your cat indoors until their new way of life becomes second nature. Be prepared for a little lashing out against the new lifestyle — scratching at doors, clawing at windows, yowling, trying various escape tactics, and other feline performances.

  • Start with baby steps, like always feeding your cat indoors.

  • After meals, instead of letting them out immediately, keep them inside for gradually longer periods each day.

  • Keep cats indoors during dawn and dusk hours and gradually increase the amount of indoor time around dawn and dusk.

  • For the feline escape artist that's forever bolting toward open doors, train or lure them away from the open door. Run practice trials where you leave the door ajar and rattle a jar of coins to startle them. The goal is not to punish the cat but to associate the door with something unpleasant.


Make Indoor Life Fun!

Cats have been domesticated for thousands of years but they still have wild behaviors deeply encoded in their DNA. Have fun with this by providing varied enrichment that honors your cat’s unique behavior. Ideas include:

  • Toys that allow your cat to express instincts such as stalking, chasing, and pouncing. Even simple items like a bottle cap can provide endless entertainment.

  • An indoor planter containing feline favorites such as catnip and wheat grass for them to chew.

  • Train him to walk on a cat harness and leash, and take him for a stroll.

  • Give her lots of your time and attention — set aside daily play time.

  • Consider building a catio — a fully-enclosed outdoor cat-patio — attached to the house where your cat can enjoy the outdoors.

Ultimately, do your best not to give in to their requests to go out, and distract them with play. As one out of every four common bird species faces serious population declines, help us keep common birds 'common' by decreasing the human-caused hazards they face. Even small steps toward keeping your cat indoors can make a positive impact.